The London Underground’s New Stations
For people around the world, beside the most popular sites around London; the London underground is one of the things that London is most famous for; from it’s signature red and blue logo to featuring in various blockbuster movies. For years, we have been accustomed to the same two hundred and seventy (270) stations and now we have two more added to them. Two new underground stations are set to open in south London with construction having begun in 2015 and were originally due to open last year. However, it has been rescheduled to open on the 20th September of this year.
The new stations, called Nine Elms and Battersea Power Station, are both step-free and in zone one. Six trains will pass during peak times, doubling to 12 an hour in 2022. These stations are also being added to the Northern Line after Kennington station, which will move into zone ½ as part of the changes to the line.
The last major Tube expansion was the Jubilee Line extension when six new stations opened in 1999. This particular extension will help to regenerate the Vauxhall, Nine Elms and Battersea areas by supporting new jobs and homes.
A history of the London Underground
The world’s first underground railway opened in London in 1863, as a way of reducing street congestion. These underground stations were built by digging a long trench, laying track, and covering it over again. Initially, the early underground railways used steam trains.
The technology for safe tunnelling of tubes deep below London had been developed by 1870, but the first successful tube railway was not practical until electric power and safe lifts in the late 1880s.
In 1908, the separate companies started to work together to promote the system as a coherent network under the Underground brand. Gradually most of the companies merged and the network expanded, as the population of London soared.
In 1933 all London’s public transport, such as buses, trams and the Underground railways, came under public ownership and decisions about services could be fully coordinated for the first time. A plan to upgrade and expand services was prepared in 1935, but the work was interrupted by the Second World War. Some of these were revived in the post-war economic climate, but others were not.